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   THEORY SECTION 1 
Road Signage
More Common Road Signs
Warning Signs
More Warning Signs
Motorway Signs and Others
Manual & Garda Signals
Road lines & Traffic Lights
 
    THEORY SECTION 2
Being Considerate & Alert
Road Observation
Judgement & Perception
Different Driving Conditions
Driving Dangers & Risks
Road Features
Essential Paperwork
 
    THEORY SECTION 3
Accidents & Emergencies
Safety in Carrying Loads
Vehicle Technical Safety
Enironmental Concerns
Exiting your Vehicle
Vehicle Safety Equipment
Road Regulations
 
 

VARIOUS RISK FACTORS WHEN DRIVING

FOGGY CONDITIONS

If you are driving in dense fog, what should you do?
You should travel slowly, and use your dipped headlights.
(the reason you have to use dipped headlights, is becuase if you turn on full headlights, the light would be reflected off the fog back into your car, and you would would be unable to see the road.)
Under which of the following circumstances should you use rear fog lamps: during foggy conditions, at night or when the vehicle behind is too close?
The answer is during foggy conditions.
When may you use a high intensity fog light to the rear?
You may use it in heavy rain, snow or fog.

NIGHT-RIDING

What effect could incorrectly aimed headlights have?
They could dazzle oncoming road-users, and seriously reduce their ability to see the road.
Should you dim your lights, if there is a cyclist or pedestrian on the other side of the road, at night?
You must always dim your lights for oncoming pedestrians and cyclists, as it is almost impossible for them to see the road if you blind them with your full-lights.
Driving at night-time, you should dip your headlights when:
You meet other road-users, driving behind another vehicle, and driving in lit-up areas.
What should you do if you are blinded by the lights of an oncoming vehicle?
You should reduce your speed, and slow down if it's necessary. (you shouldn't look directly at the headlights of the oncoming vehicle, but instead look at your side of the road.)

If you have been used to travelling during the daylight, and now need to drive at night. You ought to:
Drive at a lower speed at night-time, than you do during daylight, as there is reduced visibility.

If you are driving at night, you should:
Maintain a speed that will allow you to stop within the distance ahead, that you can see to be clear.

If driving at night, which of the following is advisable: keep your full headlights on at all times, keep your lights dipped at all times or maintain a speed which will allow you to stop within a distance on the road that you can see to be clear.
Maintain a speed which will allow you to stop within a distance on the road that you can see to be clear.

If another vehicle is approaching as you drive along at night:
You shouldn't look directly at its headlights, but instead concentrate on your own side of the road.

Can you drive with full headlights in a built-up area at night-time?
No you can't.

If there is another vehicle close head of you on the road, what lights should you use?
You should use dipped headlights.

When must you use dipped headlights?
When another vehicle is approaching you, or you are driving closely behind another vehicle.

What danger should you always be conscious of, when driving late at night?
Always be aware of the danger of falling asleep, and don't drive if you are not feeling alert.

If the lights of an oncoming car temporarily dazzle you, as you are driving along, take the following measures:
Carefully slow down your vehicle, and concentrate on your side of the road, ensuring that you don't look directly at the lights of oncoming vehicles.

If you become dazzled by the reflections of headlights in your rear view mirror:
Reduce your speed carefully, and adjust the rear-mirror to the night driving mode (ie change the angle of the mirror, using the switch on the mirror).

What effect could driving with one headlight have on other drivers?
They might think that the vehicle is a motorbike, and not give enough road clearance, leading to a collision.
What are the standard lights that cars, tractors and work vehicles must have, when travelling at night?
Headlights, Brake lights, Indicators, Rear number plate light, red rear reflectors and side lights on both the front and rear of the vehicle.
A motor-cycle needs the following lighting, when travelling at night:
Headlight, Rear red light, red rear reflector and a number plate light.
If you are travelling at night, and an oncoming vehicle has only one headlight, what should you do?
Stay well on the left of the road, as the oncoming vehicle could be a car or other 4-wheeled vehicle with a broken headlight.

If your motorcycle is parked at night on an unlit road, what lights should be on?
You should have a white light on in the front and a red light on in the year.

If your vehicle, whether it be a tractor car or work vehicle, is parked on an unlit public roadway at night-time, what lights should it have on?
A front and rear side-lamp, on the side nearest the road, at the very least.

SLIPPERY ROADS

If you are driving along an icy surface, what driving methods should you practice:
You should drive at a lower speed than normal, and change speed very gently (both gentle braking and acceleration), to prevent skidding.
What dangers can icy roads cause, when driving?
Because road-holding is severely reduced, there is a much greater chance of skidding, and losing control of the car.
If you are travelling on a slippery road, what should you do to minimise the risk of skidding?
You should brake and accelerate very gently (in all gears), and keep your speed low.
When travelling around a bend in slippery conditions, you should:
Drive very slowly and keep a smooth even pace.
When driving in snow, what dangers arise?
There is a risk of skidding, but it will also become difficult to clearly see the road signs and markings.
If you are travelling in heavy rain, what danger might arise?
There is a danger of aquaplanning. This is where a thin film of water develops between the road surface and the tyre, leading to a complete loss of grip with the road, and hence dangerous skids.
What danger arises if you are travelling at high speeds on wet roads, and your tyres are worn?
You could start aquaplanning. You could lose control of the vehicle, as a film of water has formed between the tyres and the road.
What should you do if you meet a muddy section on the roadway?
Gently lower your speed, and keep your eyes open for tractors and other working vehicles.
If you have driven through a flooded road section, what safety measures should you take afterwards?
Pump your brakes gently, while travelling at low speed, to dry your brakes out.
Does wet weather have an effect on a cars engine performance?
No.
If you are approaching a flooded section of the road, you should:
Lower your speed, and drive in a lower gear.

WINDY CONDITIONS

What effect could strong winds have on a motorcyclist?
Strong winds could cause the motorcyclist to be blown off course.

ROAD-WORKS

If you are travelling along and see roadworks ahead of you on the road, you should?
Lower your speed, and get ready to stop for any obstacles or work vehicles ahead.
If you see roadworks, ahead you should be aware that the road ahead could have:
Mud and chippings on the surface.

HUMP-BACKED BRIDGES

What is the danger in driving a tractor and trailer over a hump-backed bridge?
If a bad bump is encountered, the trailer could become detached from the tractor.
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